Wellhead Protection

The City of Rochester’s Wellhead Protection Program

Michigan’s groundwater is used for drinking water by nearly half of the state’s population.  Approximately half of our residents are served by wells for their drinking water supply. 


What is Groundwater?

Groundwater is water below the surface that feeds wells and springs and maintains the level of rivers and lakes in dry weather. Groundwater comes from rain and snow that soaks into the ground and is filtered down under the surface. It can be brought to the surface from a well using a pump. Once pumped, the groundwater can be used for drinking or irrigating landscapes. If chemicals and pollutants are dumped on the ground, they can migrate into the groundwater and make it unsafe to drink or use for irrigation.


The City of Rochester is in the process of developing a wellhead protection program. The city recently acquired grant monies from the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) for program development including creating ‘City of Rochester Wellhead Protection Area’ road signs, developing a public education program, and creating a Wellhead Protection Program Plan.


What You Can Do:

  • Never flush chemicals down the toilet
  • Always recycle household chemicals like gasoline, motor oil, kerosene,          insecticides, poisons, and paint
  • Never dump chemicals onto the ground.

For more information on protecting source water, click here or contact the Public Works Department at (248) 651-5165.

Wellhead